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Name: 
 

Chapter 1 Practice Exam Study Guide



True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Among the reasons for the growth in decentralized computing was the availability of inexpensive microcomputer hardware and software.
 

2. 

Inexpensive personal computers and software have largely replaced the use of expensive mainframe computers in most large organizations today.
 

3. 

Transaction processing is the use of computers to automatically process small amounts of business activity.
 

4. 

An end user can be an internal user in some situations and an external user in others.
 

5. 

Although hardware costs have decreased dramatically, of the total cost of ownership of a personal computer system, hardware is still the largest single cost category.
 

6. 

Technical support for a computer system is usually a free service.
 

7. 

To send and receive electronic mail, a computer must be connected to a network, either directly, or via a modem connection.
 

8. 

A computer virus is a program that can destroy information in a computer or adversely affect the operation of a system.
 

9. 

To operate a graphical user interface, a user types commands to tell a computer what tasks to perform.
 

10. 

A network interface card (NIC) connects a personal computer to a network.
 

Modified True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.  If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence or statement true.
 

11. 

In a batch processing computer system, transactions are processed as soon as they occur. ____________________

 

12. 

The goal of transaction processing on mainframe computer systems was to replace manual processing steps. ____________________

 

13. 

Among the reasons for the growth in decentralized computing was the availability of inexpensive microcomputer hardware and software. ____________________

 

14. 

Computer departments in most organizations today are called data processing departments. ____________________

 

15. 

A computer virus is a program that can destroy information in a computer or adversely affect the operation of a system. ____________________

 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

16. 

An MIS system is a ____.
a.
marketing information service
b.
memory internal system
c.
management information system
d.
mainframe information service
 

17. 

Which of these was not a primary characteristic of mainframe computer use in the 1950s and 1960s?
a.
located at a central site
b.
served as an Internet host computer
c.
programmed and operated by computer professionals
d.
used to automate transaction processing and prepare management reports
 

18. 

A hardware device that was a first step toward decentralized computing was ____.
a.
a central processing unit
b.
the internal memory
c.
a terminal
d.
a hard disk drive
 

19. 

Which of these categories of computers is the least powerful?
a.
microcomputer
b.
minicomputer
c.
mid-range computer
d.
mainframe computer
 

20. 

Computer technology generally doubles in capacity every few ____.
a.
weeks
b.
years
c.
decades
d.
centuries
 

21. 

Peripheral devices are part of a computer system's ____.
a.
hardware
b.
operating system
c.
applications software
d.
supplies
 

22. 

Client-server computing is a form of ____.
a.
mainframe computing
b.
personal computing
c.
centralized computing
d.
distributed computing
 

23. 

Theft of information, use of a computer to commit sabotage or embezzlement, and fraudulent use of a computer are examples of ____.
a.
waste
b.
piracy
c.
viruses
d.
computer crime
 

24. 

Making an illegal copy of a software program is called ____.
a.
invasion of privacy
b.
shareware
c.
piracy
d.
mistake
 

25. 

A computer virus can be spread through ____.
a.
a local area network
b.
the Internet
c.
floppy disks
d.
any of these
 

Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

26. 

A $2000 computer bought today, compared to a $2000 microcomputer purchased early in the 1980s has a hard drive ____________________ times larger.
 

 

27. 

A ____________________ is a device that plugs into a computer system.  Examples include modems, network interface cards and scanners.
 

 

28. 

Minicomputers are considered a step toward ____________________ of computers in many organizations because they cost less than mainframes and are affordable by individual departments in large organizations and by small businesses.
 

 

29. 

A(n) ____________________ uses pull-down menus and screen images that are easier to use than systems that require users to memorize and type lengthy commands.
 

 

30. 

Purchasing hardware or software that is incompatible or doesn't meet an end user's needs is an example of ____________________.
 

 

Matching
 
 
a.
Application development backlog
d.
Terminal
b.
End-user computer
e.
Transaction processing
c.
Data Processing Department
 

31. 

The excess demand for new computer applications that outstripped the supply of computer professionals available t develop them: the backlog of requests for software development was often measure in years of staff effort
 

32. 

The everyday use of computer technology for both business and personal use; increases the productivity of employees, managers, students, and home users of computers.
 

33. 

A division in an organization that programs and operates the company's mainframe computer system; Information Systems (IS) is a more modern name for the DP Department.
 

34. 

A keyboard and a display screen that are connected to a mainframe computer by a pair of wires; employees use terminals to enter and access information in a main-frame system.
 

35. 

The use of computers to input large volumes of business events or activities, process the data, and prepare-printed reports, usually at the time the event or activity occurs
 



 
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